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Protecting women and girls from tobacco and alcohol promotion

7/19/21--According to Emma Feeny and colleagues, gender transformative measures could curb the industries’ expansion into low and middle income countries, contain the burden of chronic disease, and promote gender equity. Without urgent action, the number of women and girls consuming tobacco and alcohol is likely to rise substantially in the coming years as a result of the combination of changing gender norms, aggressive industry marketing, and continuing population growth in low and middle income countries. Read

Juul bought out medical journal for 51K

7/13/21--Juul Labs is facing scrutiny for funding and working on studies of their products, and paying a journal to publish them. Juul teamed up with healthcare consultants Pinney Associates and the Centre for Substance Use Research (CSUR), chiefly, to examine its tobacco vaping device, as FDA weighs whether to grant the company a Premarket Tobacco Product Application (PMTA) as a safer alternative to cigarettes. Read

Effects of menthol use and transitions in use on short-term and long-term cessation from cigarettes among US smokers

7/10/21--This study was designed to estimate the effect of menthol use and transitions in use (switching to or from menthol) on short-term and long-term cessation from cigarette smoking and whether this differed across demographic groups (age, sex, race). Results demonstrate that menthol impaired menthol smokers’ attempts to quit smoking but switching from menthol improved success. This suggests that removing menthol may improve menthol smokers’ success during quit attempts. Read

Webinar: E-cigarettes and vaping – What you need to know

7/6/21--Vaping is becoming an increasing concern for schools and parents, and this webinar will provide up-to-date and relevant information on the research around vaping and trends in use among youth. Information will also be provided on how to best prevent e-cigarette and vaping use among youth. Read

Text message support prompts young adults to quite vaping

7/6/21--Tailored, interactive text messages improved quit rates among young adults using e-cigarettes, a randomized trial in JAMA Internal Medicine reported. The trial’s 2588 participants, aged 18 to 24 years, expressed a strong desire to quit using e-cigarettes. Nearly all vaped daily and had previously attempted to quit. Three-quarters of the participants were current students and more than 80% were White. Read

E-cigarette manufacturers’ compliance with clinical trial reporting expectants: a case series of registered trials by Juul Labs

6/29/21--The reporting of clinical trials sponsored by Juul Labs, the largest e-cigarette company in the USA, is assessed against accepted reporting standards. Findings raise substantial concerns regarding these trials. Clinicians, public health professionals, and the public cannot make informed choices about the benefits or hazards of e-cigarettes if the results of clinical trials are not completely and transparently reported. Clarification and potential enforcement of reporting laws may be required. Read

Juul to pay $40 million to settle N.C. vaping case

6/28/21--Juul Labs has agreed to pay North Carolina $40 million to settle the first of a spate of lawsuits brought by states and localities claiming the e-cigarette company’s marketing practices fueled widespread addiction to nicotine among young people and created a new public health problem. Read

FDA must do more to stop youth vaping, House members say

6/23/21--House members told FDA Acting Commissioner Janet Woodcock, MD, at a hearing on youth vaping that the FDA should be doing more to stop kids from getting addicted to e-cigarettes. Subcommittee chairman Raja Krishnamoorthi (D-Ill.) began the hearing by laying out statistics on the problem and he focused some of his questions on flavored e-cigarettes, noting that the agency's 2020 e-cigarette "flavor ban" included two exemptions: one for tobacco and menthol flavors for Juul and other cartridge-based devices, and another for all flavors of disposable e-cigarettes. Read

New WHO report shows how manufacturers attempt to avoid regulation of e-cigarettes and heated tobacco products

6/21/21--A new WHO report “Litigation relevant to regulation of novel and emerging nicotine and tobacco products: comparison across jurisdictions” offers governments examples of the legal arguments that industry has used in attempts to evade or minimize regulation, as well as how courts have addressed those arguments. Read

Who sells tobacco, who stops? A comparison across different tobacco retailing schemes

6/18/21--This study examines patterns of tobacco retailing across three legislative environments with three different licensing schemes (an annual fee-based license, a zero-cost, one-off notification scheme and no notification/licensing scheme). Results of this study indicate that, unexpectedly, the annual license fee to sell tobacco was not significantly associated with a lower rate of selling tobacco or a higher rate of stopping. Read

Effect of flavor manipulation on ENDS (JUUL) users’ experiences, puffing behavior and nicotine exposure among US college students

6/18/21--This study evaluates the impact of ENDS flavor manipulation on user’s puffing behavior, subjective experience, harm perception and nicotine exposure among college-aged ENDS users. Results of this pilot study provides evidence that ENDS flavors have a substantial effect in enhancing young current ENDS users’ experiences, product appeal and motivation to use the product in the future. It highlights that limiting flavors could play a potential role when designing strategic policies to reduce the appeal of ENDS use among young people. Read

Exposure to JUUL use: cue reactivity effects in young adult current and former smokers

6/18/21--This study examines whether observing the use of this device would elicit similar responses in smokers. Exploratory analyses were also conducted to determine whether JUUL can act as a smoking cue for former smokers. Study results conclude that the use of JUUL affects the user and elicits responses in observers, It is the study first to demonstrate that exposure to JUUL use may act as a smoking cue and exposure to JUUL use may affect tobacco control efforts. Read

Altria-Juul deal goes to trial

6/2/21--Altria Group Inc. and the Federal Trade Commission are squaring off over allegations that the Marlboro maker engaged in anticompetitive practices ahead of its 2018 investment in e-cigarette startup Juul Labs Inc. If the FTC prevails, it could unwind Altria’s 35% interest in Juul. The agency is seeking to force Altria to divest its stake and terminate the companies’ noncompete agreement. The case is being heard by an administrative law judge, who will make an initial decision; the agency’s commissioners will then vote on the matter. Read

Covid 19: How to harm reduction advocates and the tobacco industry capitalized on the pandemic to promote nicotine

6/2/21--In the early days of the pandemic, media outlets around the world reported that smokers seemed to be under-represented among patients seriously ill with covid-19 in China and France. The headlines asked, does nicotine protect against covid-19? The stories made headlines worldwide, and they were also picked up by libertarian media outlets. The World Health Organization worried that decades of tobacco control could be undermined. It has since been roundly disproved that smoking protects against covid-19. Read

JUUL ‘new technology’ pods exhibit greater electrical power and nicotine than previous devices

5/20/21--In 2019, JUUL Labs began marketing in the European Union ‘new technology’ pods that incorporated a new wick that it claimed provided ‘more satisfaction’. In this study,  design and materials of construction, electrical characteristics, liquid composition and nicotine and carbonyl emissions of new technology JUUL pods were compared to their predecessors. Read

Framework for the public health assessment of electronic cigarettes

5/19/21--Electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) are relatively new products with substantial public health impacts. Evidence on their effects is diverse and emerging rapidly, presenting challenges to high-quality policymaking and decision-making. This paper addresses these challenges by developing and presenting a framework for the public health assessment of e-cigarettes, using the Australian context as an example. Read

An inexpensive intervention to reduce e-cigarette use among young adults

5/17/21--The results of a double-blind randomized clinical trial examining a text messaging intervention that uses cognitive and behavioral coping skills to promote abstinence of e-cigarette use among 18- to 24-year-olds indicate that when compared to the control, the intervention significantly increased the rate of 30-day point prevalence abstinence at 7 months postrandomization (18.6% vs 24.1%). Read

Effectiveness of vaping cessation text message program among young e-cigarette users

5/17/21--In a randomized clinical trial designed to determine the effectiveness of a text message program for vaping cessation among 2588 young adults vs assessment-only control, postrandomization abstinence rates were 24.1% among participants assigned to the text message intervention and 18.6% among participants assigned to an assessment-only control at 7 months, which is a statistically significant difference. No baseline characteristics moderated the treatment-outcome relationship, including nicotine dependence. Read

The Japan Foundation

5/10/21--The Japan Foundation describes itself as “Japan’s only institution dedicated to carrying out comprehensive international cultural exchange programs throughout the world”. Established in 1972 with 25 overseas offices including nine in Asian countries, six in European countries and five in the Americas, it has well-established financial links with a number of corporations including Japan Tobacco International. In 2021 it was a sponsor, alongside Philip Morris International, of the high-profile Future of Asia conference. Read

The youth e-cigarette epidemic: New estimates of JUUL Labs’ revenue from youth users in the US

5/1/21-This study was conducted by creating several scenarios to estimate the percentages of JUUL’s net revenue from adults and youth in the US in 2018. Survey results indicate that a substantial proportion of JUUL’s profits in 2018 were a result of use by youth. It could be required that all e-cigarette companies actively ensure that use by youth is below a pre-determined small fraction of their sales, requiring that a high penalty be paid by those that fail to do so. Read

Ecigs double risk of relapse among former smokers

5/7/21--Laura Barufaldi and her colleagues at the National Cancer Institute of Brazil recently published Risk of smoking relapse with the use of electronic cigarettes: A systematic review with meta-analysis of longitudinal studies that identified six relevant studies from the US, UK and France, three of which have quantitative results. They found that risk of relapse is doubled among former smokers who use e-cigarettes than among non-users. Read

Increases in frequent vaping cannabis among high school seniors in the United States 2018-2019

5/7/21--In a study comparing and examining the prevalence of self-reported frequent vaping of cannabis (defined as using ≥10 times in the past month) between 2018 and 2019 cohorts, frequent vaping of cannabis is increasing among adolescents in the United States, particularly among selected subgroups. Read

Is FDA going to ban menthol as a “characterizing flavor” or an ingredient? It matters

4/29/21--Today the FDA, with important support from the Biden Administration, announced that it would be moving to ban menthol as a “characterizing flavor” in cigarettes. In so doing, the FDA acted as requested in a Citizen’s Petition submitted by the Public Health Law Center in 2013. Read

ACLU statement on FDA menthol cigarette ban

4/28/21--Seemingly, the Food and Drug Administration are moving forward with a plan to ban menthol cigarettes this week. Aamra Ahmad, senior legislative counsel with the American Civil Liberties Union, highlighted serious concerns that a ban on menthol cigarettes will disproportionately impact Black and Brown communities. Read

FDA commits to evidence-based actions aimed at saving lives and preventing future generations of smokers

4/29/21--The U.S. Food and Drug Administration announced it is committing to advancing two tobacco product standards to significantly reduce disease and death from using combusted tobacco products, the leading cause of preventable death in the U.S. The FDA is working toward issuing proposed product standards within the next year to ban menthol as a characterizing flavor in cigarettes and ban all characterizing flavors (including menthol) in cigar. Read

Marlboro-maker Phillip Morris keeps cannabis options open

4/28/21--Marlboro-maker Philip Morris International Inc. is beginning to take a closer look at the marijuana market. According to Chief Executive Officer Andre Calantzopoulos, the company is assessing factors like the toxicity of cannabis, efficacy, and differences between pharmaceutical and consumer options, while also continuing to analyzing the industry because the market is so young and there isn’t robust regulation yet, he said. Read

Big Four + Big Four: adding up the Government’s lobbying links

4/28/21-- Andy Rowell (Group Editor) and Phil Chamberlain (Managing Editor) of Tobacco Tactics at the Tobacco Control Research Group attempt to unravel the complex relationships between the tobacco industry, those who speak for them and the people in power. Read

Big tobacco, big conflict of interest

4/29/21--According to new research from the University of Bath and Corporate Accountability, published by Tobacco Control, despite overwhelming historical evidence of the tobacco industry using ‘independent’ third parties such as The Foundation for a Smoke-Free World (the Foundation), scientific publishing processes are still failing to address the problem of industry-linked science finding its way into scientific journals as an often hidden agenda. Read

Surprise! Juul publishes a paper concluding that e-cigs save lives

4/27/21--A group of Juul scientists have published “Modeling the population health impact of E.N.D.S in the U.S.” that concludes that “the availability of ENDS is projected to reduce smoking and prevent 2.5 million premature deaths by 2100.” Read

E-cigarette users in rural Appalachia develop more severe lung injuries, according to new study

4/20/21--Researchers with the West Virginia University School of Medicine are investigating severe lung injuries occurring among e-cigarette users in rural Appalachia. In a recent study, Sunil Sharma—section chief of pulmonary/critical care and sleep medicine at the School of Medicine—and his colleagues present a case study of patients with EVALI (electronic cigarettes and vaping-associated lung injury) admitted to WVU hospitals from August 2019 to March 2020. Read

Biden Administration considering rule to cut nicotine in cigarettes

4/19/21--The Biden administration is considering requiring tobacco companies to lower the nicotine in all cigarettes sold in the U.S. to levels at which they are no longer addictive, according to people familiar with the matter. Administration officials are considering the policy as they approach a deadline for declaring the administration’s intentions on another tobacco question: whether or not to ban menthol cigarettes. Read

Nicotine pouches

4/9/21--To secure the tobacco industry’s medium to long-term future, in light of growing tobacco regulations and a rapidly shrinking cigarette market, transnational tobacco companies (TTC) have been diversifying into alternative tobacco and nicotine products.12 They are also increasingly marketing these products in low and middle income countries. Three of the ‘big four’ TTCs have invested in Swedish-style snus and leaf-free variants called nicotine pouches, which they have promoted as part of their harm reduction or ‘reduced risk’ strategies. Read

Vape seller are using popular music videos to promote e-cigarettes to young people – and it’s working

4/6/21--A recent study uncovered that participants exposed to any electronic cigarette product placement or imagery in music videos were more likely to have used an electronic cigarette in the past month compared to participants with no exposure.the Tobacco Master Settlement Agreement of 1998 prohibits product placement for cigarettes and chew tobacco in television, music videos and motion pictures, but those restrictions do not apply to electronic cigarettes. Read

Why FDA’s reduced exposure marketing order for IQOS is not a reliable global model

3/25/21--Lauren Lempert, Stella Bialous, and Stanton Glantz recently published “FDA’s reduced exposure marketing order for IQOS: why it is not a reliable global model” in Tobacco Control to explain what happened in the US and why the FDA process — which followed US law — is not a good model for the rest of the world. They argue that FDA should not have even authorized reduced exposure claims. Read

Democrats urge FDA to clear market of all flavored e-cigarettes

3/23/21--The 43 House Democrats sent the letter to Acting FDA Commissioner Janet Woodcock urging the agency to take all flavored e-cigarettes off the market. The lawmakers want the FDA to ban all flavored e-cigarettes upon further review and nix the exemption the FDA has for methanol and disposable e-cigarettes. Read

Targeting the European Commission: The 7 lobbying techniques of Big Tobacco

3/17/21--This report presents and analyses key contacts between the European Commission (EC) and the tobacco industry (TI) – including third parties in receipt of TI funds, as well as influential vaping groups that are financially independent, but whose messaging is consistent with the TI. These documented contacts, in 2019 and 2020, were accessed via document requests sent to eight separate EC departments, known as Directorates-General (DGs). Read

Disposable e-cigarette use among U.S. youth – An emerging public health challenge

3/16/21--According to data from the National Youth Tobacco Survey (NYTS), 19.6% of high school students (3.02 million) and 4.7% of middle school students (550,000) reported current (within the preceding 30 days) e-cigarette use in 2020 — 1.8 million fewer than in 2019.2 However, e-cigarette use among youth remains prominent and the landscape of devices is evolving, both of which pose a public health challenge. The changes in device type–specific e-cigarette use during 2019 and 2020 was accessed. Read

Flavored tobacco product restrictions in Massachusetts associated with reductions in adolescent cigarette and e-cigarette use

3/8/21--This study examines the associations between county-level flavored tobacco product restrictions, tobacco 21 policies and smoke-free laws prohibiting e-cigarettes with adolescent cigarette and e-cigarette use in Massachusetts, and to assess whether policy effects varied by age. Results indicate adolescents in Massachusetts decreased their use of cigarettes and e-cigarettes in response to local restrictions that limited the sale of flavored tobacco products to adult-only retail tobacco stores. Read

E-cigarette-inclusive smoke-free policies, excise taxes, tobacco 21 and changes in youth e-cigarette use: 2017-2019

3/8/21--This study examined whether the implementation of electronic cigarette (e-cigarette) policies at the state level (e-cigarette-inclusive smoke-free (ESF) policies, excise taxes on e-cigarettes and raising tobacco legal purchasing age to 21 years (T21)) affected recent upward trends in youth e-cigarette use. Results show state-level ESF and T21 policies could be effective for limiting growth of youth e-cigarette use despite an overall national increase. Higher e-cigarette excise tax rates may be needed to effectively reduce youth e-cigarette use. Read

Cannabis, vaping, and respiratory symptoms in a probability of U.S. youth

3/3/21--This study provides preliminary evidence that adolescents' cannabis use with Electronic nicotine delivery systems (ENDS) may have negative health consequences. Lifetime cannabis use with ENDS was substantially associated with higher odds of respiratory symptoms. Read

Vaping pot worse than vaping tobacco for teens’ lungs

3/3/21--Teenagers who vape pot are more likely to wheeze and cough than those who smoke or vape nicotine, new survey data reveals. Reports from U.S. kids 12 to 17 show they have a higher risk of wheezing, suffering from a dry cough, and having their sleep, speech or exercise impeded by wheezing if they vape marijuana products, according to results from the U.S. federally funded Population Assessment of Tobacco and Health Study. Read

Vaping pot worse, than vaping tobacco for teens’ lungs

3/3/21-- According to results from the U.S. federally funded Population Assessment of Tobacco and Health Study, teenagers who vape pot are more likely to wheeze and cough than those who smoke or vape nicotine. Survey responses from nearly 15,000 teens showed that vaping pot increased their risk of wheezing or whistling in the chest by 81%, compared with a 15% increased risk from cigarettes and a 9% increased risk from nicotine e-cigarettes. Read

Rules finalized for new tobacco product approvals

3/2/21--Two recently finalized rules provide tobacco product manufacturers with additional information on federal requirements they must meet to get their products on the market. Then-FDA Commissioner Stephen Hahn, MD, said finalization of the rules “is an important milestone in the FDA’s regulation of tobacco products.” Read

Age at initiation of cigarette use in a nationally representative sample of US Youth, 2013-2017

2/26/21--This cohort study examined nationally representative data for 15,776 youth never users and, among them, 11,022 youth who were nonsusceptible to cigarette use, and found that among youth who were nonsusceptible to cigarette use, by age 18 years, 46.2% became susceptible to cigarette use. Among never users of cigarettes, 24.4% initiated ever cigarette use, 16.4% initiated past 30-day cigarette use, and 4.3% initiated fairly regular cigarette use. Read

New report details tobacco industry’s predatory marketing of menthol cigarettes to Black Americans and the devastating health impact

2/24/21--A new report released today documents how menthol cigarettes – which are more addictive, easier for kids to start using and harder for smokers to quit – are a major reason why tobacco use is the number one cause of preventable death among Black Americans and Black Americans die at disproportionately high rates from tobacco-related diseases such as cancer, heart disease and stroke. Read

Associations between smoking trajectories, smoke-free laws and cigarette taxes in a longitudinal sample of youth and young adults

2/11/21--Results of this study suggests that comprehensive smoke-free laws are effective for most smokers but could be supplemented with school- and community-based cessation efforts. Additionally, results suggest that further interventions are needed to increase the efficacy of tax increases for early established smokers and late escalators. The implications of this work include the expectation that a combined approach that includes comprehensive smoke-free ordinances, tax increases, and minimum floor prices may be most effective in reducing tobacco consumption across all trajectories of use, throughout adolescence, and into adulthood. Read

At the speed of Juul: measuring the Twitter conversation to ENDS and Juul across space and time (2017 – 2018)

2/21/21--This study is the first to demonstrate the methodology for constructing county-specific exogenous measure of ENDS-related communication on Twitter and assessing its statistical fitness for use. Results indicate that Juul-related content grew exponentially on Twitter and spread across the entire country during the time when the brand was gaining market share. Read

Altria moving toward entering US marijuana market

2/16/21--Altria, owner of Philip Morris, is preparing to enter the US marijuana market by registering to lobby on marijuana commercialization in Virginia and submitting two US patents for cannabis vaporization devices. Now that cannabis legalization is moving forward with broad public support, Altria, along with other major corporate interests, is moving to lay the foundation to take over the cannabis market. Read

What is Zyn and what are oral nicotine pouches?

2/9/21--Oral nicotine pouches and lozenges are a new category of tobacco product that includes brands such as Zyn, On! Oral nicotine products do not contain leaf tobacco, but the products are still derived from tobacco and contain nicotine. Nicotine use during adolescence can disrupt the formation of brain circuits that control attention, learning, and susceptibility to addiction. Research has shown early age of nicotine use and pleasurable initial experiences are correlated with daily use and lifetime nicotine dependence. Read

Chocolate-flavored e-cigarettes are ‘particularly harmful’ to the lungs, study shows

2/10/21--New research shows chocolate-flavored e-cigarettes are "particularly harmful" to the lungs. In fact, scientists found all 10 flavors tested caused some level of toxicity in the cells lining the lungs, resulting in cell death in some instances. The toxins also significantly reduced the ability of immune system cells to remove bacteria and regulate inflammation. Read

Dirty money and shady spending: How the tobacco industry gets its way

1/19/21--As stated by an article published in STOP. - A Global Tobacco Industry Watchdog, the tobacco industry runs on dirty money. The profits coming in are made by exploiting those in its supply chain, and by selling products designed to addict their users. Furthermore, the funds going out may at times be used by companies to buy their way around regulations meant to protect people. The industry is struggling to stay relevant, and they use dirty money to make this happen. Read

Lawsuit alleges collaboration between Philip Morris International and the supposedly Independent foundation for a Smoke-Free World

1/15/21--A lawsuit filed earlier this week by a former employee of the Foundation for a Smoke-Free World (the Foundation) alleges the Foundation violates the conditions of its tax-exempt status in the United States, and that she was wrongfully fired from the Foundation when she questioned these activities. Furthermore, she alleges that the Foundation coordinates its activities with some of the world’s biggest tobacco companies including Philip Morris International (PMI) and Altria. Read

How a vaping prevention curriculum can help teachers, schools and communities reverse the youth e-cigarette epidemic

1/22/21--Schools and communities have an important role to play in reaching students to make informed choices to pertaining to vaping. Vaping: Know the truth, a national youth vaping prevention curriculum developed as part of Truth Initiative’s nationally recognized youth anti-vaping truth® campaign, gives young people the facts about e-cigarette use and provides resources to quit with This is Quitting, a first-of-its-kind text message program that is already helping nearly 250,000 young people. Read

The youth vaping epidemic: From science to public policy

2/10/21--Even in the midst of Covid-19, teenagers are still vaping in high numbers, putting their health at risk. This youth vaping epidemic highlights the urgent need to understand the science of nicotine addiction and the potential long term health effects of compounds found in vapes. This symposium will convene experts from academic, clinical, public health, and policy communities to discuss new approaches for prevention — with a focus on emerging science to support evidence-based policy recommendations. Read

Recalls and Notifications

1/20/21--HEXO Operations Inc. is voluntarily recalling three SKUs of their all-in-one vape pens due to a hardware defect. This is a voluntary recall due to product quality, in which prolonged auto-ignition may lead to excess heat in the battery cell, which in turn may cause melting of the plastic shell. Please note that HEXO vape distillate, along with HEXO vape cartridge hardware are not impacted by this voluntary recall. Read

California Flavored Tobacco Products Ban Referendum (2022)

1/22/21--The California Flavored Tobacco Products Ban Referendum is on the ballot in California as a veto referendum on November 8, 2022. Proponents of the veto referendum seek to overturn Senate Bill 793 (SB 793), which was signed into law on August 28, 2020 and designed to ban the sale of flavored tobacco products and tobacco product flavor enhancers with a few exceptions. Retailers would be fined $250 for each sale violating the law. Read

How health groups defeated Juul’s effort to rewrite San Francisco’s e-cigarettes regulations

1/23/21--In 2019, Juul undertook an aggressive effort to rewrite San Francisco’s e-cigarette regulations and prohibit the City from enacting new rules without requiring that the new rules be taken to an expensive direct vote of the people. Health groups benefitted from having an established campaign network that recently defended the flavor ban, arguing that Juul’s measure could nullify San Francisco’s prohibition on selling flavored tobacco products. Read

E-cigarettes are NOT safe and vaping harms health, World Health Organization rules

1/22/21--The World Health Organization has issued their latest, hard-hitting warning about vaping and concludes that e-cigarettes are not safe and do increase the risk of heart disease and lung problems. The organization said there is ‘no doubt’ that e-cigarettes are harmful, but said it was too early to tell the long-term impact. Read

Chemicals in e-cigarettes disrupt the gut barrier and trigger inflammation

1/7/21--New research indicates the chemicals found in e-cigarettes disrupt the gut barrier and trigger inflammation in the body, potentially leading to a variety of health concerns. The study found that chronic use of nicotine-free e-cigarettes led to a "leaky gut," in which microbes and other molecules seep out of the intestines, resulting in chronic inflammation. Read

Young people who vape are ‘three times as likely’ to become cigarette smokers later in life

1/11/21--Young vapers are much more likely to become daily cigarette smokers in the future, according to a new study. Researchers have found that 12 to 24-year old vapers were three times as likely to become daily cigarette smokers in the future. Read